There are non-woven fabrics almost Woven Interlining anywhere you sit or stand. It can be a coffee filter, tea bag, mask, diaper, lens paper or other similar things. The current pandemic situation pays more attention to this fabric, but its market has been growing for many years. Non-woven fabric is the oldest and simplest textile fabric. They are not knitted or woven. These fabrics are net-like structures or sheets in which filaments or fibers are entangled by chemical, thermal or mechanical means.
These are tufted or flat porous sheets made of different plastic films, molten plastics or fibers. Since they are not woven or knitted, these fabrics do not need to be converted to yarn. Some oil-based products and recycled fabrics are used in the production of non-woven fabrics. Certain non-woven fabrics can also be recycled under appropriate facilities and treatments. This is why people think that non-woven fabrics are more environmentally friendly in certain applications, especially in industries such as luxury accommodation, nursing homes, schools, and hospitals.
Non-woven fabrics are used in many industries such as protection, geotextiles, construction, filtration, automobiles, clothing and medical treatment. This kind of fabric is widely used nowadays, and life without non-woven fabric seems to be incomprehensible. There are two types of this fabric, disposable and durable. 60% of the fabric is durable and 40% of the fabric is disposable. Non-woven fabrics are essential, adaptable, decomposable, multifunctional and creative.
The production of such fabrics does not require yarn preparation because they are produced directly from fibers. Therefore, their manufacturing process is also very simple and short. It takes 6 months to produce 500,000 meters of woven fabric, and the same amount of non-woven fabric can be produced in 2 months. The production cost of non-woven fabrics is also very low, and has some specific properties.